One of the nicer additions to the yard list, this Rufous-backed Robin, a rare stray from western Mexico, showed up 10 October 2012 and stayed for three days.
 Another Rufous-backed Robin arrived on 24 April 2015, staying until 30 April. This shot was taken on 26 April. The bird was very confiding, spending much time in the open where it fed at orange halves and jelly feeders.
This Plain-capped Starthroat was found by Karen. It was the 12th hummer for the yard and visited during the last two weeks of August 2011 (photographed 31 August). It, or another was present from mid-May to mid-August 2012, and a similar time period in 2013. For the fourth year, a starthroat appeared; this time on 1 June 2014 and remained until 27 August. In 2015, we had a starthroat from early June to 24 August. In 2015, it was viewed by 250 visitors.

All I had to do was leave the country to make an Elegant Trogon show up in the back yard. This winter wanderer visited on two days (Karen LeMay photo: 27 February 2016).

A Northern (Mountain) Pygmy-Owl taking a mid-day bath in our pond (23 December 2017).

Because the yard list is nearly devoid of water birds, we were pretty much astonished to see this Green Heron land outside the living room window. It crept through the garden and spent about five hours at the pond edge before vanishing (5 October 2015).

This male Black-throated Blue Warbler stayed for a week during late October 2010. Within a few days, it was visiting our suet feeders (23 October 2010).

A locally rare Yellow-throated Warbler that appeared at the pond (17 May 2016).

Karen photographed this male Black-and-white Warbler at the pond on International Migratory Bird Day (14 May 2016).

An American Redstart (the second for the yard) took a bath in a sprinkler a few feet from Karen, then dropped in at the pond for only two or three seconds (22 June 2017).

Quite a rarity in the U.S., this male Yellow Grosbeak showed up several times at the backyard pond (2 June 2007).

     A locally rare Aztec Thrush at our pond. This male was photographed from the kitchen window (9 July 2006) (Karen LeMay photo).


Brown Thrasher is an uncommon visitor from the eastern U.S. This individual (the second for the yard) appeared 28 April 2014 and remained for several days (30 April 2014). A third individual visited us on 16 December 2016, the day of the local Christmas Bird Count.

A Gray Catbird, rather rare in SE Arizona, showed up at the pond several times for a quick dip (18 May 2016).  

Always a nice bird to see north of the Mexican border, this male Ruddy Ground-Dove (one of two present) was photographed from the kitchen window (27 January 2005).

Montezuma Quail are regular late summer and occasional winter visitors. This pair was photographed from the house as they scratched in gravel just outside the back door (25 July 2006).


Scaled Quail occur in grasslands nearby but it was nine years before one ventured into the yard. Here a wanderer surveys the neighborhood from the roof (26 March 2013).

Attesting to the local nesting success of Gray Hawks, after nearly 12 years of seeing none in the yard, we saw three different birds in about three weeks. This one was found on 18 July 2015.

This dainty Sharp-shinned Hawk dropped into our fig tree to check our the various sparrows feeding below (Karen LeMay photo: 21 December 2016).

As is the case with Gray Hawk, Yellow-billed Cuckoo is more likely to be seen along the San Pedro River or in a similar riparian area. Most years, we get a cuckoo in the yard and they are often vocal. This one is sitting in our fig tree (28 June 2011).

This male Rose-breasted Grosbeak was an unexpected winter visitor (13 January 2007).

A much flashier male Rose-breasted Grosbeak showed up at suet on 1 May 2010 and remained for three days.

Black-headed Grosbeak is a common spring migrant. During a good migration, upwards of 20 may be present in the yard at once. They happily eat black sunflower seeds, home-made suet cakes, and grape jelly (11 May 2007).

Blue Grosbeaks nest locally and we often have six or more around the yard. This male came to seed outside the kitchen window (18 May 2011).

This Northern Waterthrush, one of the only "waterbirds" on the yard list, foraged just a few feet outside the back door (7 May 2012) (Photo by Karen LeMay).

This was the third Red-faced Warbler to visit the yard. I was especially pleased to see it as I had missed the first two by being out of town (8 May 2011).

Although numerous in the canyons a mile or two from the yard, Painted Redstart is a sparse migrant here, always eliciting a bit of a celebration (19 March 2006).

An out of range Ovenbird forages in the butterfly garden (31 May 2006).

      Several years later, another Ovenbird visited and stayed for most of the day (19 May 2009). (Karen LeMay photo).

Hermit Warbler has only shown up on a couple of occasions. This one dropped in for a bath on 3 May 2010.

A fine male Townsend's Warbler (one of perhaps five that visited the yard that day) takes a drink at the pond (6 May 2011).

A male Wilson's Warbler catches insects in Penstemons outside the back door (9 April 2011).

This male Yellow Warbler dropped in for a bath during spring migration (5 May 2011).

During August and September of 2015, we had multiple MacGillivray's Warblers on many days. This one took a bath on 2 September.

Nashville Warbler is a common local migrant. Here, two come to the pond for a dip (22 September 2015).

Virginia's Warbler is a sparse yard migrant that nests on nearby brushy, mountain slopes. Here, one comes to the pond for a drink (23 April 2010).

At 5,000 feet, we are about as high in elevation as one might expect Lucy's Warblers. Apparently, a pair or two next locally, as we hear them singing throughout the spring (27 April 2015).

Far from any marsh or riparian area, our yard is poor habitat for a Common Yellowthroat. Here, a migrating male investigates the gravel for bugs (6 May 2011).

    A splendid Yellow-breasted Chat photographed by Karen through the kitchen window (6 May 2007).

One of two Greater Pewees that showed up in the yard on an unseasonably cold afternoon (30 April 2010).

All three SE Arizona Myiarchus flycatchers occur in our yard. Here Karen shot a Brown-crested Flycatcher as it reacted to the presence of a Canyon Towhee on its turf. 21 May 2013).

Despite their comical behavior, Greater Roadrunner is one of our least favorite yard birds, taking a terrible toll on "our" butterflies, and reptiles--even catching sparrows and hummingbirds. Karen photographed this one through the kitchen window on a snowy morning as it drank at the beach of our pond (21 February 2013).

More likely to be seen in cottonwoods along the San Pedro River, Summer Tanager is an infrequent visitor to the yard (22 April 2010).

Western Tanager is a common spring migrant and we may see a dozen or more at a time-especially when there's fruit on the fig tree. This male, one of about eight present, took a drink and a bath at the pond (7 May 2011).

So far, the least common tanager that visits the yard, we see Hepatics perhaps a couple times a year. This male visited the pond (8 May 2017).   

Three species of orioles visit us during spring and summer, providing plenty of color and song. They feed on suet cakes, sugar water, and grape jelly we provide, take nectar from ocotillo, desert willow, honeysuckle, and other blossoms, and hunt for insects in foliage. This male Bullock's Oriole was foraging in an Emory Oak  (27 April 2015).

A male Hooded Oriole perches in our fig tree (14 April 2012).

Scott's Oriole is the most common oriole that visits the yard; six or more may be present at once. This male is acquiring its adult plumage (23 May 2016).

During summer, we often see Phainopeplas in the yard-often in family groups. This one dropped in for a bath on 23 June 2017.

Lucifer Hummingbird is an exceedingly local U.S breeder. Happily, several pairs (apparently) nest in our neighborhood. Here, a male perches on a yucca leaf (23 April 2010).

These Yellow-rumped Warblers are clustered at a suet cage while 20 more wait their turn (28 December 2006).

Morning rush hour (24 July 2006).

Afternoon rush hour (13 September 2004).

Evening rush hour (17 Aug 2006).

A male Arizona Woodpecker at suet outside a kitchen window (5 April 2004).

A Northern Flicker comes in for a bath (17 October 2009) (Karen LeMay photo).

Spotted Towhee-one of our three winter towhees (13 February 2007).

Green-tailed Towhee is one of our favorite yard birds. They are often absent during winter, showing up in April as they move northward (30 April 2010).

During previous years, Botteri's Sparrows had been audible just beyond the yard. In 2013, perhaps as a result of grassland responding to the Monument Fire, males were singing in the front and back yards and one or two individuals came to the pond. This increase had been noted by others in the neighborhood (12 August 2013).

Rufous-crowned Sparrows are professional rocky slope birds and the hillside on Forest Service land behind the house serves them well. This one was visiting an irrigation drip head just outside the back door for a sip of water (5 June 2011).

During winter, Lark Buntings are present by the thousands not far to the east of us. This was one of several that came to the pond with Vesper Sparrows (11 March 2012).

Although they nest not too far from the house, Black-throated Sparrow is a rare visitor to the yard. This adult appeared several times during May of 2011 (3 May 2011).

A "Gray-headed Junco," one of five races of Dark-eyed Junco that have occurred the yard (20 April 2010).

An Eastern "Slate-colored" form of Dark-eyed Junco that visited us on 14 November 2012.

Although present now and then in the neighborhood, it took nine years for a White-throated Sparrow to visit our yard (21 November 2012). 

A Golden-crowned Sparrow found in the yard by Linda Feltner was a nice addition to the 2009 Ramsey Canyon Christmas Bird Count (19 December 2009).

One of about a dozen Vesper Sparrows foraging on the grass outside the kitchen window (6 March 2012).

Savannah Sparrow is unusual in the oaks. We have seen one or two over the years, always at the pond (22 March 2012).

Somewhat more common than Savannah Sparrow is Brewer's Sparrow, although we don't see them every winter (22 March 2012).

Painted Bunting has occurred in the yard perhaps six times, generally in immature or female plumage (13 August 2015).

A male Lazuli Bunting, one of about 15 in the yard then, visits a feeder (9 April 2011).

One male Varied Bunting is a rarity in the yard; two were quite unexpected (both photos taken 5 June 2011).

Indigo Buntings are sparse migrants through the yard with 0-3 occurring annually. Here, a male dropped in for a drink at the pond. (19 May 2012).

Hutton's Vireo is a species often associated with oaks. Here, one feeds at our homemade suet cakes (21 January 2007).

Cassin's Vireo is occasional at our pond; we see perhaps one or two per year. Karen photographed this one as it dropped in for a bath (10 April 2017).


Yard List: Forever a Work in Progress


Canyon Towhee

Mourning Dove

Mexican Jay

Spotted Towhee

Bewick's Wren

Chipping Sparrow

House Finch

Lesser Goldfinch

Bridled Titmouse

Acorn Woodpecker

Northern Flicker

Gila Woodpecker

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Red-tailed Hawk

White-breasted Nuthatch

Cooper's Hawk

Rufous-crowned Sparrow


Anna's Hummingbird

Cactus Wren

Red-naped Sapsucker

House Sparrow

Lark Sparrow

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Cedar Waxwing

Chihuahuan Raven

Ladder-backed Woodpecker

Say's Phoebe

Greater Roadrunner

White-winged Dove

Arizona Woodpecker


White-crowned Sparrow

Williamson's Sapsucker

Cassin's Kingbird


Hutton's Vireo

Hermit Thrush

Curve-billed Thrasher


Vesper Sparrow

Steller's Jay

Savannah Sparrow

Magnificent Hummingbird

Black-throated Gray Warbler


Sharp-shinned Hawk


Gambel's Quail


Northern Mockingbird

Black Phoebe

#50 Vermilion Flycatcher

MARCH 2004

Violet-green Swallow

Rufous Hummingbird

Lewis's Woodpecker

White-throated Swift

Broad-tailed Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Broad-billed Hummingbird

Lucy's Warbler

Turkey Vulture

Hepatic Tanager

Common Poorwill

Scott's Oriole

Bullock's Oriole

Elf Owl

Virginia's Warbler

Hooded Oriole

APRIL 2004

Dusky Flycatcher

Lazuli Bunting

Costa's Hummingbird

American Robin

Ash-throated Flycatcher

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Orange-crowned Warbler

Calliope Hummingbird

Cassin's Vireo

Lucifer Hummingbird

Dusky-capped Flycatcher

Wilson's Warbler

Barn Swallow

Western Kingbird

Rock Pigeon

Bronzed Cowbird

Brown-headed Cowbird

Black-headed Grosbeak

Common Raven

Peregrine Falcon

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Eurasian Collared-Dove

MAY 2004

Wild Turkey

Brown-crested Flycatcher

Western Tanager

Warbling Vireo

Great Horned Owl

Red-winged Blackbird

Blue Grosbeak

JUNE 2004

Montezuma Quail

Zone-tailed Hawk

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher

Band-tailed Pigeon

#100 Common Nighthawk

JULY 2004

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Western Screech Owl

Common Ground-Dove

Violet-crowned Hummingbird


Painted Bunting

Nashville Warbler

Western Wood-Pewee

Botteri's Sparrow

Yellow Warbler

#110 Canyon Wren

MacGillivray's Warbler 

"Western" Flycatcher

Summer Tanager

Continued above on right


Plumbeous Vireo

Lincoln's Sparrow

American Redstart (!)

Inca Dove

Varied Bunting


Lawrence's Goldfinch

#120 Northern Cardinal

Yellow-breasted Chat

Pine Siskin

Dark-eyed Junco


Western Bluebird


Ruddy Ground-Dove (!)

American Goldfinch

MARCH 2005

Cassin's Finch

APRIL 2005

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Green-tailed Towhee

#130 Hermit Warbler

Townsend's Warbler

Gray Flycatcher

Red-faced Warbler

MAY 2005

Indigo Bunting

JULY 2005

Bell's Vireo

Swainson's Hawk


Vaux's Swift

Brewer's Sparrow

House Wren


#140 Blue-throated Hummingbird

Rock Wren


Northern Harrier

Winter Wren

Brown Thrasher (!)


American Kestrel 

MARCH 2006

Painted Redstart

MAY 2006

Eastern Bluebird

Ovenbird (!)

JULY 2006

Aztec Thrush (!)


#150 Cassin's Sparrow


Buff-breasted Flycatcher

JUNE 2007

Yellow Grosbeak (!)


Golden Eagle

Black-throated Sparrow


Orchard Oriole


MAY 2009

Swainson's Thrush


Common Yellowthroat


Lesser Nighthawk


#160 Golden-crowned Sparrow


Townsend's Solitaire


Yellow-eyed Junco

MARCH 2010

Western Scrub-Jay

APRIL 2010

Hammond's Flycatcher

Greater Pewee


Black-throated Blue Warbler (!)

APRIL 2011

Black-chinned Sparrow

MAY 2011

Olive-sided Flycatcher


Plain-capped Starthroat (!)


#170 Western Meadowlark

MARCH 2012

Lark Bunting


MAY 2012

Northern Waterthrush (!)


Belted KIngfisher


Rufous-backed Robin (!)


White-throated Sparrow

MARCH 2013

Scaled Quail

                            DECEMBER 2014

Loggerhead Shrike

JULY 2015

180 Gray Hawk


#180 Green Heron


Elegant Trogon

May 2016

Black-and-white Warbler (!)

Yellow-throated Warbler (!)

Gray Catbird (!)


Eastern Meadowlark

JULY 2017

Allen's Hummingbird


Tree Swallow


Northern Pygmy-Owl

JULY 2018

Great Blue Heron


#190 Fox Sparrow

Rufous Hummingbird on a snowy feeder (19 March 2006).


A male Anna's Hummingbird flashes me during a snow flurry (19 March 2006).

Violet-crowned Hummingbird is less than annual in the yard, showing up at sugar water feeders and flowers we have planted (13 July 2011).

A male Allen's Hummingbird, the 13th hummingbird for the yard. The tail feathers were measured several days later (Karen LeMay photo, 21 July 2017).

One of a pair of Elf Owls that nested in our driveway utility pole (27 Mar 2004).

Lark Sparrows are with us pretty much year 'round. Here, one pauses for an afternoon sip at the pond (7 May 2007).

A Band-tailed Pigeon in the garden (6 September 2006). Numbers of them visit the yard to feed on acorns.

Montezuma Quail foraging in monsoon green Bermuda grass (subsequently replanted)outside the kitchen window (15 July 2004).


A Bridled Titmouse, one of our favorite birds, investigates a suet cake (19 Dec 2006).

This White-breasted Nuthatch dines at suet (20 Dec 2006). 

A Bushtit grabs a mouthful of suet cake (9 April 2011). 

Mexican Jays are a raucous element of the neighborhood avifauna. Expect them to eat more than their share of seed and suet cakes. In return, they are an excellent rattlesnake alarm system. (30 April 2010).

Although frequently present less than a mile from our house, it was more than six years before we saw a Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay in the yard (31 March 2010).

This Townsend's Solitaire stayed for several months and was a faithful visitor to berries on our Pyracantha shrubs. Before departing, it spent many days singing its lispy, thrasher-like song (6 April 2010).

Swainson's Thrush is less than annual in the yard. Several appeared during the first week of May in 2011, one of which left an attacking Roadrunner with a mouthful of tail feathers ( 3 May 2011).

An Eastern Bluebird of the Mexican subspecies fulva, sometimes called Azure Bluebird, takes a shower by a sprinkler outside our back door (5 June 2016, Karen LeMay photo).

An icon of the Southwestern deserts, the Cactus Wren becomes less common as one ascends into the oaks. Here one waits its turn at a suet feeder (6 January 2008).

House Wren is an occasional visitor. This one, probably a migrant, was investigating a wood pile (20 April 2010).

Bewick's Wrens entertain us throughout the year, investigating every nook and cranny on the house and all of our trees. Here one sits on an agave perch outside the kitchen window (13 February 2007). 

Cassin's Finch is a less than annual visitor. Here, a female briefly joins the feeder flock (14 January 2008).

So far, the winter of 2007-2008 has been our best for Pine Siskins (23 January 2008).

Lawrence's Goldfinches appear in the yard some years. This was one of two males that visited the pond then fed below the kitchen window (23 October 2009).

In our yard, American Goldfinches are also infrequent guests. Here, one feeds at a thistle sock (29 January, 2008).

Robert A. Behrstock 2019
Images may not be reproduced without the Photographer's permission.