(Oct 2003-Spring 2022 when we moved to Sierra Vista, AZ)

This female Flame-colored Tanager, present for about a week, was photographed in oaks over the pond on Easter Sunday (12 April 2020).

This snazzy, and cooperative, male Hooded Warbler came to the pond a couple times the morning of 8 May 2020. It was found and identified by Karen. 

One of the nicer additions to the yard list, this Rufous-backed Robin (a stray from western Mexico but now a rare nester in Arizona) showed up 10 October 2012 and stayed for three days.
 Another Rufous-backed Robin arrived on 24 April 2015, staying until 30 April. This shot was taken on 26 April. The bird was very confiding, spending much time in the open where it fed at orange halves and jelly feeders.

Yet another Rufous-backed Robin appeared 15 October 2020. Here, it is sunning on the edge of an oak. This bird, or another showed up 11 days later on 26 October.

For comparison, note the American Robin's slate-colored mantle and wing coverts and the bold white broken eyering, all absent in Rufous-backed Robin (16 December 2006).

  Less than annual in Arizona, Aztec Thrush is much desired by U.S. birders. This male was photographed from the kitchen window 9 July 2006 (Karen LeMay photo).
This Plain-capped Starthroat was found by Karen. It was the 12th hummer for the yard and visited during the last two weeks of August 2011 (photographed 31 August). It, or another was present from mid-May to mid-August 2012, and a similar time period in 2013. For the fourth year, a starthroat appeared; this time on 1 June 2014 and remained until 27 August. In 2015, we had a starthroat from early June to 24 August; it was viewed by approximately 250 visitors. A starthroat that visited during July 2019 may have been a different individual.

All I had to do was leave the country to make an Elegant Trogon show up in the back yard. This winter wanderer visited on two days (Karen LeMay photo: 27 February 2016).

Karen grabbed a shot of this surprising visitor, a Thick-billed Kingbird that briefly visited the pond area on 15 September 2020.

A Northern (Mountain) Pygmy-Owl taking a mid-day bath in our pond (23 December 2017).

Because the yard list is nearly devoid of water birds, we were quite astonished to see this Green Heron land outside the living room window. It crept through the garden and spent about five hours at the pond edge before vanishing (5 October 2015).

This male Black-throated Blue Warbler stayed for a week during late October 2010. Within a few days, it was visiting our suet feeders (23 October 2010).

A locally rare Yellow-throated Warbler that appeared at the pond (17 May 2016).

Karen photographed this male Black-and-white Warbler at the pond on International Migratory Bird Day (14 May 2016).

An American Redstart (the second for the yard) took a bath in a sprinkler a few feet from Karen, then dropped in at the pond for only two or three seconds (22 June 2017).

Quite a rarity in the U.S., this male Yellow Grosbeak showed up several times at the backyard pond during two consecutive days (2 June 2007).


Brown Thrasher is an uncommon visitor from the eastern U.S. This individual (the second for the yard) appeared 28 April 2014 and remained for several days (30 April 2014). A third individual visited us on 16 December 2016, the day of the local Christmas Bird Count.

A Crissal Thrasher Karen found on 5 November 2020 was a nice respite from the angst of the presidential election. After foraging in gravel for an hour and a half or so, it was chased off by a territorial Curve-billed Thrasher.

A Gray Catbird, rather rare in SE Arizona and our only record for the yard, showed up at the pond several times for a quick dip (18 May 2016).

Noisy and easily seen, Curve-billed Thrasher occurs daily, occasionally nesting in the yard's cactus clumps. This one appeared to be checking out our cat that was sitting in the kitchen window (7 November 2020).  

Always a nice bird to see north of the Mexican border, this male Ruddy Ground-Dove (one of two present) was photographed from the kitchen window (27 January 2005). Another was present during the second week of November 2020.

A Common Ground-Dove, not so common in our yard, exhibits the distinctive speckling on the breast and nape (22 October 2020).

Montezuma Quail are regular late summer and occasional winter visitors. This pair was photographed from the house as they scratched in gravel just outside the back door (25 July 2006).


Scaled Quail occur in grasslands nearby but it was nine years before one ventured into the yard. Here a wanderer surveys the neighborhood from the roof (26 March 2013). A second male occurred during spring of 2021.

Attesting to the local nesting success of Gray Hawks, after nearly 12 years of seeing none in the yard, we saw three different birds in about three weeks. This one was found on 18 July 2015.

This dainty Sharp-shinned Hawk dropped into our fig tree to check our the various sparrows feeding below (Karen LeMay photo: 21 December 2016).

An adult Cooper's Hawk, perhaps one of the neighborhood's nesting birds, pauses at the edge of the pond while hunting in the back yard (5 November 2020).

As is the case with Gray Hawk, Yellow-billed Cuckoo is more likely to be seen along the San Pedro River or in a similar riparian area. Most years, we get a cuckoo in the yard and they are often vocal. This one is sitting in our fig tree (28 June 2011).

This male Rose-breasted Grosbeak was an unexpected winter visitor (13 January 2007).

A much flashier male Rose-breasted Grosbeak showed up at suet on 1 May 2010 and remained for three days.

More subtle was this female Rose-breasted Grosbeak that visited feeders and the pond for several days during May 2021 (15 May).

Black-headed Grosbeak is a common spring migrant. During a good migration, upwards of 20 may be present in the yard at once. They happily eat black sunflower seeds, home-made suet cakes, and grape jelly (11 May 2007).

Blue Grosbeaks nest locally and we often have six or more around the yard. This male (above) came to seed outside the kitchen window (18 May 2011). 

A female Blue Grosbeak comes in for a drink (21 May 2021).

This Northern Waterthrush, one of the only "waterbirds" on the yard list, foraged just a few feet outside the back door (7 May 2012) (Photo by Karen LeMay).

This was the third (of four) Red-faced Warblers to visit the yard. I was especially pleased to see it as I had missed the first two by being out of town (8 May 2011).

Although numerous in the canyons a mile or two from the yard, Painted Redstart is a sparse migrant here, always eliciting a bit of a celebration (19 March 2006).

An out of range Ovenbird forages in the butterfly garden (31 May 2006).

      Several years later, another Ovenbird visited and stayed for most of the day (19 May 2009). (Karen LeMay photo).

Hermit Warblers show up occasionally. This one dropped in for a bath on 3 May 2010.

A fine male Townsend's Warbler (one of perhaps five that visited the yard that day) takes a drink at the pond (6 May 2011).

Barely annual in the yard, a "Myrtle" race of Yellow-rumped Warbler came in for a long bath at the pond (7 November 2020).

A male Wilson's Warbler catches insects in Penstemons outside the back door (9 April 2011).

This male Yellow Warbler dropped in for a bath during spring migration (5 May 2011).

During August and September of 2015, we had multiple MacGillivray's Warblers many days. This one took a bath on 2 September.

Nashville Warbler is a common local migrant. Here, two come to the pond for a dip (22 September 2015).

Virginia's Warbler is a sparse yard migrant that nests on nearby brushy, mountain slopes. Here, one comes to the pond for a drink (23 April 2010).

At 5,000 feet, we are about as high in elevation as one might expect Lucy's Warblers. Apparently, a pair or two nest locally, as we hear them singing throughout the spring (27 April 2015).

Far from any marsh or riparian area, our yard is poor habitat for a Common Yellowthroat. Here, a migrating male investigates the gravel for bugs (6 May 2011).

    A splendid Yellow-breasted Chat photographed by Karen through the kitchen window (6 May 2007). Some individuals linger for several days and sing in the yard.

Cassin's and Western Kingbirds both nest in the neighborhood, occasionally coming in for a drink. Here, a Cassin's checks out the pond (9 April 2011).

Vermilion Flycatcher is an unpredictable visitor; our first was during a blizzard. This male showed up 26 March 2006.

One of two Greater Pewees that showed up in the yard on an unseasonably cold afternoon (30 April 2010). Our next record was a singing bird 27-28 April 2021.

All three SE Arizona Myiarchus flycatchers occur in our yard. Here Karen shot a Brown-crested Flycatcher as it reacted to the presence of a Canyon Towhee on its turf. (21 May 2013). Often, they patrol hummingbird feeders attempting to prey on the hummers.

This Willow Flycatcher stuck around for a couple days during August 2020 (22 August).

Gray Flycatcher is a reasonably common wintering bird in SE Arizona. This one visited the yard 29 Sept 2020.

Despite their comical behavior, Greater Roadrunner is one of our least favorite yard birds, taking a terrible toll on "our" butterflies, and reptiles--even catching sparrows and hummingbirds. Karen photographed this one through the kitchen window on a snowy morning as it drank at the beach of our pond (21 February 2013).

More likely to be seen in cottonwoods along the San Pedro River, Summer Tanager is an infrequent visitor to the yard (22 April 2010).

Western Tanager is a common spring migrant and we may see a dozen or more at a time-especially when there's fruit on the fig tree. This male, one of about eight present, took a drink and a bath at the pond (7 May 2011).

We see Hepatic Tanagers perhaps a couple times a year. This male visited the pond (8 May 2017).   

Three species of orioles visit us during spring and summer, providing plenty of color and song. They feed on suet cakes, sugar water, and grape jelly we provide, take nectar from ocotillo, desert willow, honeysuckle, and other blossoms, and hunt for insects in foliage. This male Bullock's Oriole was foraging in an Emory Oak (27 April 2015).

A male Hooded Oriole perches in our fig tree (14 April 2012).

Scott's Oriole is the most common oriole that visits the yard; six or more may be present at once. This male is acquiring its adult plumage (23 May 2016).

During summer, we often see Phainopeplas in the yard-often in family groups. This one dropped in for a bath on 23 June 2017.

Lucifer Hummingbird is an exceedingly local U.S breeder. Happily, several pairs (apparently) nest in our neighborhood. Here, a male perches on a yucca leaf (23 April 2010).

These Yellow-rumped Warblers are clustered at a suet cage while 20 more wait their turn (28 December 2006).

Morning rush hour (24 July 2006).

Afternoon rush hour (13 September 2004).

Evening rush hour (Lesser long-nosed bats) 17 Aug 2006.

A male Arizona Woodpecker at suet outside a kitchen window (5 April 2004). Once regular, this species has been absent since the Monument Fire in 2011.

Above, a male Northern Flicker comes in for a bath (17 October 2009) (Karen LeMay photo); below a female, lacking the red moustache, gets a drink (13 November 2020).

Spotted Towhee-one of our three winter towhees (13 February 2007).

Green-tailed Towhee is one of our favorite yard birds. They are often absent during winter, showing up in April as they move northward (30 April 2010).

During previous years, Botteri's Sparrows had been audible just beyond the yard. In 2013, perhaps as a result of grassland responding to the Monument Fire, males were singing in the front and back yards and one or two individuals came to the pond. This increase had been noted by others in the neighborhood (12 August 2013).

Rufous-crowned Sparrows are professional rocky slope birds and the hillside on Forest Service land behind the house serves them well. This one was visiting an irrigation drip head just outside the back door for a sip of water (5 June 2011).

One or two Lincoln's Sparrows stay with us each winter, usually buried in foliage. This one foraged in grass just outside the kitchen window (27 September 2020). During February 2021, 11 were visible at once and numbers stayed high for several days.

During winter, Lark Buntings are present by the thousands not far to the east of us. This was one of several that came to the pond with Vesper Sparrows (11 March 2012).

Although they nest not too far from the house, Black-throated Sparrow is a rare visitor to the yard. This adult appeared several times during May of 2011 (3 May 2011).

Black-chinned Sparrow occurs on brushy slopes less than half a mile from our property. Nonetheless, it took 17 years for me to see one in the yard, although Karen had seen one several years earlier (29 October 2020, Karen LeMay photo). During April 2021, an adult (below) appeared at the pond several times, suggesting nesting nearby (28 April 2021). Note the superficial similarities between Black-chinned Sparrow and the "Gray-headed" Dark-eyed Junco just below.

"Gray-headed Junco," one of five races of Dark-eyed Junco that have occurred in the yard (20 April 2010).

The Cassiar form of Dark-eyed Junco is this species' least-understood race and rather uncommon in SE Arizona. It has a better-defined hood than "Slate-colored" Junco (below) and a brownish back. (28 October 2020)

An Eastern "Slate-colored" form of Dark-eyed Junco that visited us on 14 November 2012.

A dapper "Oregon Junco" at seed (22 January 2008).

 A "Pink-sided Junco" was one of two visiting the pond (12 October 2020).

Yellow-eyed Junco is rather rare in the yard, occurring well less than annually. Likely the hardest snows on the ridges above us are responsible for their presence here (8 January 2016).

Variously sparse or numerous, White-crowned Sparrows visit throughout much of the year. Both pale (above 25 September 2020) and dark-lored forms (below 3 June 2020)  occur.

Although present now and then in the neighborhood, it took nine years for a White-throated Sparrow to visit our yard (21 November 2012). A second bird showed up during the last week of May 2020.

A Golden-crowned Sparrow found in the yard by Linda Feltner was a nice addition to the 2009 Ramsey Canyon Christmas Bird Count (19 December 2009).

One of about a dozen Vesper Sparrows foraging on the grass outside the kitchen window (6 March 2012).

Savannah Sparrow is unusual in the oaks. We have seen one or two over the years, always at the pond (22 March 2012).

We've had one Fox Sparrow and it was a long time coming. Here it's eating seeds tossed on fresh snow (2 January 2019.

Brewer's Sparrows occur in small numbers; we don't see them every winter (22 March 2012).

This Clay-colored Sparrow appeared for a short time on 14 September 2020.

Painted Buntings have occurred in the yard perhaps eight times, generally in immature or female plumage (13 August 2015).

This male Painted Bunting lit up the pond area for a couple days (20 July 2020).

A male Lazuli Bunting, one of about 15 in the yard then, visits a feeder (9 April 2011).

Varied Buntings seem to be more common, perhaps nesting nearby. Two males were quite unexpected (both photos taken 5 June 2011).

Indigo Buntings are sparse migrants through the yard, occurring less than annually. Here, a male dropped in for a drink (19 May 2012).

Warbling Vireo occurs during spring and the monsoon, perhaps nesting locally. They always seem nervous at the water feature. This one was seen 25 April 2021.

Hutton's Vireo is a species often associated with oaks. Here, one feeds at our homemade suet cakes (21 January 2007).

Cassin's Vireo is occasional at our pond; we see perhaps one or two per year. Karen photographed this one as it dropped in for a bath (10 April 2017).


Yard List: Forever a Work in Progress


Canyon Towhee

Mourning Dove

Mexican Jay

Spotted Towhee

Bewick's Wren

Chipping Sparrow

House Finch

Lesser Goldfinch

Bridled Titmouse

Acorn Woodpecker

Northern Flicker

Gila Woodpecker

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Red-tailed Hawk

White-breasted Nuthatch

Cooper's Hawk

Rufous-crowned Sparrow


Anna's Hummingbird

Cactus Wren

Red-naped Sapsucker

House Sparrow

Lark Sparrow

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Cedar Waxwing

Chihuahuan Raven

Ladder-backed Woodpecker

Say's Phoebe

Greater Roadrunner

White-winged Dove

Arizona Woodpecker


White-crowned Sparrow

Williamson's Sapsucker

Cassin's Kingbird


Hutton's Vireo

Hermit Thrush

Curve-billed Thrasher


Vesper Sparrow

Steller's Jay

Savannah Sparrow

Magnificent Hummingbird

Black-throated Gray Warbler


Sharp-shinned Hawk


Gambel's Quail


Northern Mockingbird

Black Phoebe

#50 Vermilion Flycatcher

MARCH 2004

Violet-green Swallow

Rufous Hummingbird

Lewis's Woodpecker

White-throated Swift

Broad-tailed Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Broad-billed Hummingbird

Lucy's Warbler

Turkey Vulture

Hepatic Tanager

Common Poorwill

Scott's Oriole

Bullock's Oriole

Elf Owl

Virginia's Warbler

Hooded Oriole

APRIL 2004

Dusky Flycatcher

Lazuli Bunting

Costa's Hummingbird

American Robin

Ash-throated Flycatcher

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Orange-crowned Warbler

Calliope Hummingbird

Cassin's Vireo

Lucifer Hummingbird

Dusky-capped Flycatcher

Wilson's Warbler

Barn Swallow

Western Kingbird

Rock Pigeon

Bronzed Cowbird

Brown-headed Cowbird

Black-headed Grosbeak

Common Raven

Peregrine Falcon

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Eurasian Collared-Dove

MAY 2004

Wild Turkey

Brown-crested Flycatcher

Western Tanager

Warbling Vireo

Great Horned Owl

Red-winged Blackbird

Blue Grosbeak

JUNE 2004

Montezuma Quail

Zone-tailed Hawk

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher

Band-tailed Pigeon

#100 Common Nighthawk

JULY 2004

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Western Screech Owl

Common Ground-Dove

Violet-crowned Hummingbird


Painted Bunting

Nashville Warbler

Western Wood-Pewee

Botteri's Sparrow

Yellow Warbler

#110 Canyon Wren

MacGillivray's Warbler 

"Western" Flycatcher

Summer Tanager

Continued above on right  

(These columns will never

even out.)


Plumbeous Vireo

Lincoln's Sparrow

American Redstart (!)

Inca Dove

Varied Bunting


Lawrence's Goldfinch

#120 Northern Cardinal

Yellow-breasted Chat

Pine Siskin

Dark-eyed Junco


Western Bluebird


Ruddy Ground-Dove (!)

American Goldfinch

MARCH 2005

Cassin's Finch

APRIL 2005

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Green-tailed Towhee

#130 Hermit Warbler

Townsend's Warbler

Gray Flycatcher

Red-faced Warbler

MAY 2005

Indigo Bunting

JULY 2005

Bell's Vireo

Swainson's Hawk


Vaux's Swift

Brewer's Sparrow

House Wren


#140 Blue-throated Hummingbird

Rock Wren


Northern Harrier

Winter Wren

Brown Thrasher (!)


American Kestrel 

MARCH 2006

Painted Redstart

MAY 2006

Eastern Bluebird

Ovenbird (!)

JULY 2006

Aztec Thrush (!)


#150 Cassin's Sparrow


Buff-breasted Flycatcher

JUNE 2007

Yellow Grosbeak (!)


Golden Eagle

Black-throated Sparrow


Orchard Oriole


MAY 2009

Swainson's Thrush


Common Yellowthroat


Lesser Nighthawk


#160 Golden-crowned Sparrow (!)


Townsend's Solitaire


Yellow-eyed Junco

MARCH 2010

Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay

APRIL 2010

Hammond's Flycatcher

Greater Pewee


Black-throated Blue Warbler (!)

APRIL 2011

Black-chinned Sparrow

MAY 2011

Olive-sided Flycatcher


Plain-capped Starthroat (!)


#170 Western Meadowlark

MARCH 2012

Lark Bunting


MAY 2012

Northern Waterthrush (!)


Belted Kingfisher


Rufous-backed Robin (!)


White-throated Sparrow

MARCH 2013

Scaled Quail

                            DECEMBER 2014

Loggerhead Shrike

JULY 2015

Gray Hawk


#180 Green Heron


Elegant Trogon

May 2016

Black-and-white Warbler (!)

Yellow-throated Warbler (!)

Gray Catbird (!)


Eastern Meadowlark

JULY 2017

Allen's Hummingbird


Tree Swallow


Northern Pygmy-Owl

JULY 2018

Great Blue Heron (fly-by)


#190 Fox Sparrow

APRIL 2020

Flame-colored Tanager (!)

MAY 2020

Hooded Warbler (!)


Willow Flycatcher


Clay-colored Sparrow

Thick-billed Kingbird


Crissal Thrasher


Mountain Bluebird

APRIL 2021

Common Black Hawk

Rufous Hummingbird on a snowy feeder (19 March 2006).


A male Anna's Hummingbird flashes me during a snow flurry (19 March 2006).

Violet-crowned Hummingbirds now occur annually, showing up at feeders and flowers we have planted (13 July 2011).

A male Allen's Hummingbird, the 13th hummingbird for the yard. The tail feathers were measured several days later (Karen LeMay photo, 21 July 2017).

Great Horned Owls nest in the neighborhood and are a favorite target of Mexican Jays that harass them mercilessly. Here an adult and a fledgling bask in the sun before being driven into cover by jays (1 July 2019).

One of a pair of Elf Owls that nested in our driveway utility pole (27 Mar 2004).

Western Screech-Owls are locally common nesters. This is a greatly cropped screen shot of one that sat for a minute or so at our pond and was videotaped by a trail camera (3 November 2020).

A Western Screech-Owl nestling peering from the nest hole in the old power pole just outside our bedroom window (15 June 2021, Karen LeMay photo).

Lark Sparrows are with us pretty much year 'round. Here, one pauses for an afternoon sip at the pond (7 May 2007).

A Band-tailed Pigeon in the garden (6 September 2006). Numbers of them visit the yard to feed on acorns.

Montezuma Quail forage in monsoon green Bermuda grass (subsequently replanted) outside the kitchen window (15 July 2004).


A Bridled Titmouse, one of our favorite birds, investigates a suet cake (19 Dec 2006).

This White-breasted Nuthatch dines at suet (20 Dec 2006). 

A Bushtit grabs a mouthful of suet cake (9 April 2011). 

Mexican Jays are a raucous element of the neighborhood avifauna. Expect them to eat more than their share of seed and suet cakes. In return, they are an excellent rattlesnake alarm system. (30 April 2010).

Although frequently present less than a mile from our house, it was more than six years before we saw a Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay in the yard (31 March 2010).

Cedar Waxwing is quite uncommon in the yard-perhaps less than annual. Here, a small flock visited the yard and several dropped in for a bath (19 October 2020).

This Townsend's Solitaire stayed for several months and was a faithful visitor to berries on our Pyracantha shrubs. Before departing, it spent many days singing its lispy, thrasher-like song (6 April 2010).

Swainson's Thrush is less than annual in the yard. Several appeared during the first week of May in 2011, one of which left an attacking Roadrunner with a mouthful of tail feathers (3 May 2011).

An Eastern Bluebird of the Mexican subspecies fulva, sometimes called Azure Bluebird, takes a shower by a sprinkler outside our back door (5 June 2016, Karen LeMay photo).

Western Bluebirds occur locally during winter. Here two (of five present) drop in for an early drink (5 November 2020).

Two Mountain Bluebirds, our only record for the yard, visited the pond for a quick drink. Here is the male (13 December 2020).

An icon of the Southwestern deserts, the Cactus Wren becomes less common as one ascends into the oaks. Here one waits its turn at a suet feeder (6 January 2008).

House Wren is an occasional visitor. This one, probably a migrant, was investigating a wood pile (20 April 2010).

Bewick's Wrens entertain us throughout the year, investigating every nook and cranny on the house and all of our trees. Here one sits on an agave perch outside the kitchen window (13 February 2007). 

Cassin's Finch is a less than annual visitor. Here, a female briefly joins the feeder flock (14 January 2008).

During various winters, Pine Siskins may be nearly absent or present by the dozens (23 January 2008).

Lawrence's Goldfinches appear in the yard some years. This was one of two males that visited the pond then fed below the kitchen window (23 October 2009).

American Goldfinches are rare guests. One feeds at a thistle sock (29 January 2008).

Robert A. Behrstock 2022
Images may not be reproduced without the Photographer's permission.